Under the Operation Code named Shanti

-by B.S.Goraya

  • That Sant Bhinderanwale was caught alive

  •  75% of the terrorist killings In Punjab was the handiwork of Intelligence Agencies.

  •  Many of the avowed Khalistanis are/were the agents of Agencies

  •  Successive Congress Govts. have pursued programmes to absorb Sikhs In the Hindu Mainstream.

  •  Initially the Khalistan bogey was promoted by Congress when it was cornered by legitimate Akali Agitation.

  •  Beant and Satwant killed lndira to prevent operation shanti.

  •  Kanishaka downing was Indian Agencies work

  • Kari-Sari district Hoshiarpur killing was planned by Agencies under the supervision of KPS Gill himself.

  •   Kale Kachhe wale Gang 'black underwear brigades' of 1990-91 was also Agencies plan.

‘Sikhs In History' is a revealing book written by a Sikh named Sangat Singh who was a member of the policy planning Think Tank the Indian Foreign office and a member of the Joint Intelligence Committee. Without ever referring to any classified document to which he might had access, he has revealed virtually everything quoting only the newspaper reports- thus saving his skin as well.
'lthas 'ch Sikh' In print is the Punjabi version of the Sikhs In History originally published In New York. It is a history which deals the Sikhs right from the birth of Guru Nanak to present times. For the present we have read only the part which deals with contemporary period for we believe that the author who has been remained on very sensitive posts must have disseminated some facts which are otherwise unknown.
While the historical works of Dr. Ganda Singh and Dr. Hari Ram Gupta are a class apart, we place this book In the category of those written by Khushwant Singh, Gopal Singh (Dardi) and J.S. Grewal. We know Maxist Grewal's history is rather too brief and obviously suffers on account of the idealogical defects, Dardi becomes biased In dealing the Independence era, Khushwant is not adequately bold to present the Sikh cause objectively while Sangat becomes unmatchable In accuracy and details especially In the post Independence era. We however can not easily believe Sangat when he tells that most Khalistani's are/were the agents of Congress(l).
The book says that lndira Gandhi pursued the policy of Shankracharya and annihilated the Sikhs while Shankra had massacred Budhists. lt says that lndira had planned to carry out a general massacre of the Sikhs In  Nov. 84 under a military operation code named 'Operation Shanti" with a simultaneous military Invasion of Pakistan.
On Jawahar Lal Nehru the book quotes none but Mr. Nehru himself that at heart he a staunch Brahmin. .
The book sees Khalistan movement a conspiracy of the Congress governments of lndira and Rajiv so that they could persecute Sikhs-as' secessionists. He goes to the extent that even Nehru and offered Khalistan to Master Tara Singh In Sept. 47.

Quoting again from newspapers he contends how most of the so called Khalistanis were the government of lndia's agents and how these agents have been making formal declaration of Khalistan and wars with lndia. Dr. Sangat Singh a Hungarian source to say on no occasion any nation has formally made a declaration of war whenever it attacked or went Into conflict with another nation.
Sangat Singh however maintains calculated silent on some of the committed Khalistani organisation like Babbar Khalsa and Dam Dami Taksal and leaders and militants like Subeg Singh, Amrik Singh, etc.. Despite Sant Bhindrawale's martyrdom he has been portrayed with the colour of Congress's agent, though In a subdued tone. To this end Sangat has quoted such sources which suited him. He believes that Bhindrewale was Injured by the Infiltrators who crawled from Golden Temple to Akal Takhat to persuade the Sant to surrender and due to difference of opinion a short but bloody battle took place In which the Sant was Injured while Gen Subeg was killed.
Sangat Singh quotes army officers that Bhindrawale did not have God's name on his lips and that when he died  at the hands of Army he uttered, 'Tell lndira that she is the daughter of bitch." Sangat tells us that Bhindrawale spent 6 hours In the army captivity as the army waited for final orders from lndira on his fate. "He was later tortured and died defiantly" writes Sangat.
Sangat Singh perhaps forgets that a person who has choices before him and prefers death to the other alternatives and gives his own witness through his life is martyr In the real sense of the word and should never be suspected. Bhindrawale what ever his means was devoted heart and soul to the cause of Sikhism can't be suspected. We cannot rely on the army version which was then too much provoked and In anguish the way they carried out killing of un-armed Sikhs.
The book also reveals that the army had taken away precious books and manuscripts In 125 bundles to cantonment and advises the Akalis that they should take up the issue of their r.elease from the army custody.
From deep Insights Into his book, it appears Sangat is not a man with sold out conscience. He is sincere and remains devoted to truth.
Through out the book we don't see any matter where Sangat has tried to mutilate any of the Sikh tenets as is common with the present day writers. One can easily feel the pain which he dears on the sad state of affairs In his community. We can perhaps place this work In the class of those of Sirdar Kapoor Singh, Dr. Ganda Singh Bhai Kahan Singh Nabha's et al. Throughout In his book Sangat cautions the Sikhs that a deep rooted conspiracy was on to absorb Sikhism Into the Hinduism and that the Brahmins had unleashed their onslaught right from 16th century. He says the Brahmins  played havoc by tempering with the Janamsakhi of Guru Nanak, and such Brahminic overtones could be seen elsewhere In the Sikh history books Including Suraj .Prakash of Bhai Santokh Singh.
Sangat Singh explains that Sikhism is yet to evolve some alternative to the Brihminic policy of 'sam' 'dam' 'dand; 'bhed' i.e Chanakiya niti of equality, concession, repression, and dissension. He says Ranjit Singh's Khalsa Sarkar fell victim to the Brahmin Infiltration.
He claims that the Sikhs emerged as nation much before the Marathas, Bengalis could do In the modern phase. Sangat sees Mahatma Gandhi as a Hindu revivalist who showed critical lack of understanding of Sikhism and Gandhi emitted total hostility to Sikhism and sought to undermine the Sikh identity. Notwithstanding lndia was a great sub-continent of numerous nations the Hindus proclaimed him as father of the nation much before Independence. All this showed unwillingness on the part of Hindus to accommodate even the Muslims.
Sangat Singh quotes Lord Wavell that the Congress policy towards minorities during the freedom struggle was to deal with them "through bribery blackmail, propaganda and if necessary, force." Jinnah understood the Hindu game plan while the Sikhs did not.
He says Sikhs were not afforded patient hearing, their dignity was attacked In 1982 during the Asian games and their destiny mutilated In 1984. The whole book is written In this theme.
ln the first chapter of the book entitled, 'The Sikh Problem'the author says that the Sikhism stands today at the same crossroads where Budhism once stood at 9th century. He says Jainism was also similarly once threatened but it managed to survive by trans forming itself so as to remain encompassed within the framework of Hinduism. Budhism which has spread far and wide could not compromise and was thus exterminated. Author says that both Budhism and Sikhism are opposed to the Brahminical  'Varnasharma dharma' through the principles of universal brotherhood and equality and are thus considered as subversive to Hinduism.
Author gives d graphic account how the Brahmins under the leadership of Adi Shankracharya massacred Budhists and resorted to vandalism everywhere demolishing Budhist monasteries and Sanghas. The Brahmins conspired with Invading Hunas, and Muslims. Muslim learnt the art of demolition from the Brahmins.
It gives the story how the Sikhs were a third party atthe time of Independence have now been reduced to a nonexistent role and how the Congress leaders using the Hindu card has gradually pushed the Sikhs out of the national mainstream which enabled lndira Gandhi to Iaunch her Sikh war.
On the other hands the Sikhs placed all their eggs In the Congress basket without suspecting the Hindus and the trust was immediately betrayed after Independence, and the Sikhs are paying the price of that trust. Sikhs all over the world are apprehensive of the very existence of Sikhism In lndia as vibrant faith. The Sikhs are facing Hobson's choice.
 The book has further such chapters as
2. Evolution of the Sikh Panth (1409- 1708),
3.Rise and Fall of Sikh Power- 1708-1849,
4. Search of ldentity 1849- 1925,
5. Sikhs and lndian lndependenc.e 1925-1947,
6.Under the Search for Place Under the Sun
6. Formative Phase 1947-1950,
7. Nehru's Negativism 1950-1964,
8. Achievement and Frustration (1964- 1975).
9.Facing Genocide 9.
9;lndira's Sikh war 1975-84,
10. Night's Long Knives- (1984-88)
11. Unrestrained State Terrorism- (1 e88-1 eee)
12. Future of the Sikhs.
ln this review we have dealt with only the following chapters namely Nights of Long Knives (1984-1985) and the one on the future of the Sikhs and will try to review rest of the parts subsequently.
Operation Shanti or Genocide of Sikhs
Sangat Singh writes lndira Gandhi Inherited an anti Sikh legacy.  She was a  successor to Pundit Ganga Dhar Kaul Gangu Brahimin who was given land grant irr 1716 AD when the persecution of Sikhs was at its height. ln 1920 when Nehru was leaning towards revolutionaries, his father Motilal persuaded him or-rather reminded him of the Gangu Brahimin heritage. Later Nehru wrote, "Behind me lie some where In the subconscious, racial memories, of hundreds or whatever the number may be, generations of Brahmins. l cannot get rid of that past Inheritance. "As a Chanakiya Brahmin he was opposed the Sikhs and so was Mahatma Gandhi who only a few days before his death suggested Sikhs that they should cut their hair now and merge In the mainstream of Hinduism and promised that he will see that Guru Nanak was given the status of an avatar of Vishnu.
Sikhs led a peaceful struggle for Punjabi Suba which lndira ultimately conceded not withstanding her fathers declaration that 'it would be formed on my dead body'. During the Emergency despite harsh measures the Sikhs could not be subdued. Their agitations were always peaceful. lndira found it hard to beat the Sikhs. She succeeded In bringing a bit of violence In the Sikh agitation In the early 80s.
lndira Initiated certain moves to push the Sikhs out of national mainstream with a view to eventually create conditions In which they could be exterminated , a la Budhism from the land of their birth. From her book ' Eternal lndia' published In French In 1978 she removed references to the Sikhs. Sikhism In lndia was passing phase and had no place In her Eternal lndia.
lndira thought like Shankrasharya and acted like Mir Mannu. She nourished the 'mayanki' Sikhs like Giani Zail Singh, Darbara Singh, Buta Singh etc. and the likes of Dr. Jagjit Singh Chohan. She launched operation  ‘Blue star’. She only shied away from enacting what could have been a massacre of genocide proportions. On Oct. 1, 1984 on protest march by Sikh community to liberate their gurudwaras from occupation. She shied away from the glare of adverse publicity that the attempt would evolve. She needed to make some dramatic move. as by that time aura of gaining Hindu votes because of operation Blue Star had worn thin. According to political pundits she had little chance of gaining an absolute majority In the forthcoming elections that were slated at the end of 1984.
lndira drew a diabolical plan named Operation Shanti to carry out general massacre of the Sikhs of genocidal proportions around Nov. I, when the Sikhs would assemble In the gurudwaras for celebration of Guru Nanak's birthday. According to plan large scale skirmishes virtually amounting to war were to take place all along the lndia-Pakistan border. And it was to be given out that the Sikhs have risen to revolt In Punjab, and joined hands with Pakistani forces which had made considerable advances Into the lndian territory.
(The author writes that some one close to R.K.Dhawan Speacial €Secretary PM office met the author around Oct.22,1984 and said that War with Pakistan was around the corner and could take place In the first week of Nov.84. The author got contours of lndira's nefarious genocidal plan In second half of Nov.1984.)
The plan was discussed with certain army generals who advised lndira against it. They advised that Nazis had used gas chambers to finish off the Jews but had not been able to do so, and that her name would be clubbed with Nazis. But she was unrelenting.
Beant Singh and Satwant Singh were motivated by highest consideration of the good of the Panth. But for their timely action with lndira's Sikh genocidal plan, Operation Shanti, getting through the Sikhs all over lndia Including Punjab would have suffered immeasurable and Infinite losses. What happened In Delhi and Hindi belt grievously hurting the Sikhs In loss of 12000 to 20000 lives and billions of worth of property, was on a much lesser scale than originally planned.
Final phase of lndira's Sikh war could have been more severe had she been able to carry out her blizkreig planned around Nov.8. That would have enabled her goons to commit genocide of the Sikhs with downright  thoroughness.
Meanwhile, the plan to provoke hostilities with Pakistan had leaked out to major International Intelligence agencies because even top secrets In Prime Ministers secretariat were being sold fora song by personal staff of P.M.'s Principal Secretary, P.C. Alexander. President Zia al Haq made earnest attempts to ward off the war with lndia. He Instructed his Ambassador In New Delhi, Humayun Khan, to convey directly  to lndira of his great concern in it" deteriorating lndia-Pak relations, and suggest resumption of direct talks between the two. Consequently, Humayun Khan, bypassing lndian Foreign Office, called on P.C. Alexander on October 25, 1984 to convey his President's proposals for summit level talks, without any preconditions.
 lndira was not receptive. ln view of her nefarious Sikh genocidal plan, she paid a sudden visit to Kashmir on October 21, when, however, she got the omen of her imminent death. Back In New Delhi, the following day, records Alexander, "she sent for Gen. Vaidya and asked him In my presence about the preparedness of the lndian army In J&K to meet any unexpected outbreak of trouble. General Vaidya assured her that the army was very well prepared for any eventuality and there was no  danger of it being taken unawares by the Pakistanis".
 After General Vaidya's departure; lndira asked Alexander to fully apprise Vice President, R. Venkataraman of the developments In the Punjab and J&K, and remain in close contact" with him for' lt would be helpful to keep him fully Informed of all developments and get his views on them." Alexander records. 'l do not know what prompted me and I met Venkataraman on October 30 and apprised him' of Prime Minister's concerns and fears."
lndira wanted to Involve Vice President from that very stage  as he was to be the acting President once Operation Shanti was operative, and Incovenient Zail Singh was bumped off. Significanlly, Zia ul Haq stated at lndira's funeral that it was with great difficutty that he had been able to avert a war with lndia. His then No. 2, Ghulam lshaq Khan, after demitting the office of President of Pakistan In July 1993, stated that lndira had planned to attack Pakistan but was shot dead some ten days before the D Day. ,
The omen of her imminent death weighed on lndira for the rest of her four days of life. That was uppermost In her mind when she spoke of her violent death at the public meeting at Bhubaneshwar on October 29. Later In the evening, she broached the subject with Orissa Governor, B.N. Pandey, at the dinner table. The thought lingered on, as she returned to Delhi on October 30 night But unlike Aurangzeb who was remorseful at the burden of sin' he was carrying, lndira, not being religious, was unrelenting.
Beant Singh, Sub-lnspector In lndira's security, got the contours of lndira's Sikh genocidal plan from R.K. Dhawan, Special Assistant to Prime Minister, and decided to act to thwart it. He commissioned Satwant Singh to assist him.
On October 31, 1984, at 9.00 a.m. Beant Singh with his service revolver shot lndira In the abdomen and pumped five bullets. ln less than a minute, at his call, Satwant Singh emptied his automatic carbine In lndira's abdomen region. Actually, one bullet In the head would have been sufficient. But abdomen was chosen because, firstly, they had been assured that she would not be wearing her bullet proof jacket, and secondly, they did not want to hurt anyone else, which a shoot out at head might have entailed.
Beant Singh had cautioned Satwant  Singh to ensure that his friend Dhawan, was not hurt In the melee. After shooting lndira, both threw down their weapons. And, Beant Singh said, "l have done what I had to do. You do what you want to do." ln another six minutes, the forces behind the shootout had the two shot by Tarsem Singh Jamwal and Ram Saran of the lndo- Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). Beant Singh died immediately, while Satwant Singh managed to survive to face the hangman's noose.
 Dhawan while In All lndia lnstitute of Medical Sciences where efforts were being made to resuscitate lndira, rang Prime Minister's residence a number of times, enquiring about Beant Singh and Satwant Singh. He must have been nervous at Beant's disclosing of lndira's Sikh-genocidal plan. Operation Shanti, as the motivating factor for his act. 
Killings - Handiwork of Indian Intelligence Agencies
According to the book 'Sikhs In History' about 75% of the terrorist Incidences that took place In the Punjab during the last decade was, the handiwork of the security agencies the lntelligence Bureau and RAW and the Police. ln their attempt to malign and isolate the Sikh secessionist and extremists from (1) support of Punjabi Hindus, (2) Punjab Police (3) Sikh masses (4) Akalis and ,.ralign the Sikhs In general In the oPin'on of lndian masses and Internationally. lf the book is to be believed it is horrible to imagine the extent of agencies stoop to what depth they can go deep and that the human value is a word alien to them.
Kanishka the Air lndia's jumbo blew up on June 23, 1985 on its flight from Toronto, off lrish coast killing all the 329 passengers was the handiwork of the lndia's International spy agency RAW (Research and lntelligence Wing)- So suspects the book quoting other International sources as to how the lndian lntelligence Agencies had penetrated Into Canada. lt quotes how the last minutes cancellation of journey by lndia's Consul General Surinder Malik on Kanishka of his wife and daughter and similarly Sidharath Singh, Joint Secretary In External Affairs, lndia, had also cancelled his seat and cancellation by some more passengers who were closely linked with Mr. Malik.
ln 17th century one Guy Fawls had planned to blow the British Parliament  building with gun powder. However Guy warned one of the M.Ps who happened to be his close relative, a day before telling him not to attend the Parliament. Guy was ultimatelY found out and hanged. The Book says Malik was just an Instrument. The mastermind laY somewhere else In the Government of lndia.
On March 4, 1988, on Holi festival day, 34 person were killed and 49 Injured from a mixed crowd of Hindus and Sikhs at Kari-Sari village of district Hoshiarpur. lt was again the work of agencies and K.P.S Gill-Director General Police himself oversaw the execution while camping at a nearby place.
The book has the same accusing  finger pointing towards the agencies and the Police In the following cases.
On February 11, 1990 a Powerful bomb was exploded at the Police Training College Phillaur to show the bold face of terrorism.
Mann Dal M. P Jagdev Singh Khudian was also eliminated under the similar conditions.
On April 4, 1990 40 People/ (Hindus) were killed at Batala through a powerful bomb blast.
ln 1991 the Punjabi Public was harassed continuously for a long time at the hands of 'black underwear brigades' (Kale Kachhe wale) which operated almost everywhere In Puniab at night and propertY In crores was looted by this brigade and many lives lost as at times the Public offered resistance and the Brigade would simply liquidate such resistance. The book believes that these too were the designs of Agencies.
19 Sikhs were killed at Makhu on Dec. 2, 1992 bY the forces after the 'militants' killed 16 bus passengers.
 Kulwant Singh Saini a lawYer of Roparwbs killed on Jan 25, 1993 along with his wife and minor son.
 The book also narrates the Incidence where the Govt when it was to push through the bill on 59th amendment to the Constitution imposing emergency In Punjab which meant total asphyxiation of democratic values In the face of stiff r:esistance from the opposition. used the services of states sponsored terrorists. A grenade was lobbed In CRPF camp using Soviet built RPG launcher which was later identified some how as the one which RAW itself had imported from Kabul. The controversial bill was then passed the next In the end of March 1998.
On April 1, the state terrorists killed 37 people In Patti and Taran Taran areas leaving mischievously the responsibility claim on Khalistan Commando Force (KCF). The KCF denied its hand the verY next daY. However the state terrorists wiped out 40 families In Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts.
Slaughter of 38 Hindu bus passengers on July 1987 at Lalru In Patiala district, on July 7, were killed 32 passengers Fatehabad and Haryana. These again were the handiworks of the state terrorist groups to destabilize the newly formed Lok Dal Govt In Haryana.
This view of the book gives credence to the rumours that In the killing of 4-12-87 A.S. Brar, SSP-Patiala, and KRS Gill-SP (Hqrs) at NIS Patiala during their morning stroll, hand of lndian Intelligence agency RAW was Involved. There are rumours that Brar had ignored the advise of Intelligence agency when it wanted that a particular terrorist who was Involved In the Khuda bus killings be spared and Brar straightaway liquidated that killer.
To foment communal trouble there were attacks on the lives of the leaders. R.L. Bhatia of Amritsar however was fortunate to escape it while Choudhry Balbir Singh was not.
  Machiavellian Khalistanis
According to Dr. Sangant Singh the Khalistan movement was launched by none else but the Government itself. lndira had plans to liquidate the Sikhs but was failing to find any alibi for it. lf the Sikhs started some secessionist movement that could provide her some handle. Most of the Khalistan declarations were thus In line with the wishes of the Government and were deliberatelY engineered. Sangat however In a  subdued note admits that there were some commitied secessionists as well.
Dr. Jagjit Singh Chouhan the self styled President of the Khalistan is the product of lndira's policy who use to meet Indira Gandhi and Giani Zail Singh before finally leaving for London. One may however differ with the author when he brackets Ganga Singh Dhillon also In the same category In which Chouhan has been placed. lt is felt the Congress Government might have supported some action of the Khalistanis just to beat the Akalis or to pursue their avowed policy but In this light every Khalistani can't be termed as the agent of Congress.
 The book also gives episodes which otherwise have appeared In the newspapers. lt tells how Buta Singh once arranged declaration of Khalistan from with In the precincts of Golden Temple. The Union Government had decided to send police to the Golden Temple complex. The Govt emissaries met Baba Joginder Singh president of United Akali Dal father of Bhinderanwale and Baba Gurdev Singh Kaonke the acting head priest of Akal Takhat and urged them to make the declaration of Khalistan on the Vaisakhi day April 13, 1986 Both of them did not oblige the emissaries.
Here the World Sikh Organisation of Lt. Gen. Jaswant Singh Bhullar's services proved again to be handy. Five parsons accordingly landed at the complex on April 29, 1986, changed their pants and shirts to white chollas, and round kesri turbans, untied their beards so that they looked like that of Bhinderanwale's flowing beard. They distributed the paper 'declaration of Khalistan's. The people said Khalistan has come Into being, Delhi is to be the capital of Khalistan, In Khalistah the Hindus will have same rights as that of Sikhs. lt further said that whole of lndia excluding Jammu & Kashmir was the territory of Khalistan. After making the declaration the five members changed their cloths to safari suits mixed up with the crowd and disappeared.
The very next day police entered Into the Comptex. Akali Da! was bisected. Congress then came to the rescue of 'abandoned' Barnala to further use him as a convenient tool. Just with a single declaration Congress killed many a bird.
Reverting back to the story that finds mention In the book is how Jaswant  Singh Bhullar was despatched to U.S.A. to form World Sikh Organisation. First Bhullar manoeuvred to obtain a letter from Bhindrawale and Congress leader Tarlochan Singh Riasti oversaw Bhullar's travel from Golden Tempte Amritsar to Delhi airport.
Purpose of flouting of Worrd Sikh Organisation was to provide Government of lndia access to the Incidents as to what was happening at International level on Sikh affairs and to help the Government In the International disinformation campaign.
Also the formation of Council of Khalistan In USA with Gurmit Singh Aulakh as president on Oct. '87 was nothing but reiteration of Khalistan declaration of April29,1g8O. The author says, "The Government was seeking to spread disinformation and misinformation surpassing Geobbles In the process."
These are a few of the cases of the Congressite Khalistanis mentioned In the book.
The book similarly suspects Integrity of Bhai Manjit Singh, brother of the slain leader of AISSF. lt suspects that his projection on the centre stage of Sikh politics was again the handiwork of Intelligence agencies. Harminder Singh Sandhu was liquidated to keep Manjit conveniently placed In the saddle.
Similarly the book mentions of the Gurbachan Singh Manochahal who had close liaison with Buta Singh and was In the police custody many months before he was killed to earn the prize.
ln the book name of Gurcharan Singh Tohra president SGPC also appears In this context i.e. as a communist Infiltrator. interestingly Manjit Singh Calcutta the trusted lieutenant of Tohra and highly recommended the book as 'indeed very thought provoking' and a 'monumental work'. On Feb. 27, 1 996 Giani Baldev Singh -General Secretary of Kendri Sri Guru Singh Sabha issued a circular to all the gurudwaras  recommending the purchase of the book. When Tohra knew of it he immediately sacked the General Secretary without even summoning the meeting of the executive. The Giani was expelled from the primary membership of the Sabha. Tohra has since black listed the book for purchase any where.
This journalist feels that Sikh masses must acknowledge the work of this great writer without further delay so that the services of this 66 year old scholar remain encouraged and acknowledged for future.
 The state of affairs In the Sikh Institution of SGPC is so pitiable that it is patronising the works of anti-sikhism and anti-Sikh writers while writer like Dr. Sangat Singh are black listed. Some times back SGPC had honoured Dr. Jaspal Singh the High commissioner to Mazambique (Present VC of Punjabi University Patiala) who had written a book challenging a basic Sikh tenet. His book was also purchased by DSGMC -Delhi and perhaps the SGPC as well. His anti Sikhism thesis was also approved at the Vishva Sikh Sammelan-1995 held under the aegis of SGPC. …Z
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