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CANTERBURY ANTIQUITY, BEAUTY, UNIVERSITY



CANTERBURY  ANTIQUITY,  BEAUTY,  UNIVERSITY


ENGLISHMAN'S PILGRIMAGE CENTRE
B.S.Goraya
 

Canterbury is an historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent in South East England. It lies on the River Stour.
I feel it is one of the most beautiful cities of UK. For ages it has remained an educational centre.While on road I clicked some photos of the Canterbury University. Of coarse the cathedral here is a most magnificent architecture
Please see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canterbury

In about 500 photographs

ਕੈਂਟਬਰੀ ਅੰਗਰੇਜਾਂ ਦਾ ਇੰਗਲੈਂਡ ਵਿਚ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਹਰਮਨਪਿਆਰਾ ਤੀਰਥ ਸਥਾਨ ਹੈ। ਇਥੋਂ ਦੇ ਕਥੀਡਰਲ (ਗਿਰਜਾ ਘਰ) ਦੀ ਵਿਸ਼ਾਲ ਇਮਾਰਤ ਕੋਈ 1000 ਸਾਲ ਪੁਰਾਣੀ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਅੱਜ ਵੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਵਿਚ ਹੈ। ਇਹ ਚਰਚ ਹੀ ਕੈਂਟਬਰੀ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੀ ਜਾਨ ਹੈ। ਇਥੇ ਲੰਮਾ ਸਮਾ 'ਕੈਂਟ' ਨਾਂ ਦੀ ਅਜਾਦ ਰਿਆਸਤ ਵੀ ਰਹੀ ਹੈ। ਸਿਰਫ ਧਾਰਮਿਕ ਕੇਂਦਰ ਹੀ ਨਹੀ ਕੈਂਟਬਰੀ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਦਾ ਵੀ ਮਹਾਨ ਕੇਂਦਰ ਹੈ। ਅੱਜ ਇਥੇ ਤਿੰਨ ਚਾਰ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਸਿਟੀਆਂ ਵੀ ਹਨ। ਸੜਕ ਤੋਂ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਅਸੀ ਕੈਂਟ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਸਿਟੀ ਥਾਂਣੀ ਨਿਕਲੇ ਤੇ ਕੁਝ ਫੋਟੋ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਗੱਡੀ ਵਿਚੋਂ ਹੀ ਖਿਚੀਆਂ ਹਨ ਉਹ ਵੀ ਦਿਤੀਆਂ ਹਨ। ਮੁੱਖ ਬਜਾਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਕੁਝ ਫੋਟੋਆਂ ਹਨ ਤੇ ਸਹਿਰ ਦਾ ਹਲਕਾ ਜਿਹਾ ਗੇੜਾ ਕੱਢਿਆ ਹੈ ਕੁਝ ਉਹ ਤਸਵੀਰਾਂ ਵੀ ਹਨ। ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੇ ਵਿਚੋਂ ਦੀ ਇਕ ਛੋਟਾ ਜਿਹਾ ਨਾਲਾ ਨਿਕਲਦਾ ਹੈ ਜਿੰਨੂ ਇਹ 'ਸਟੌਰ ਦਰਿਆ' ਕਹਿੰਦੇ ਹਨ। ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੀ ਆਬੋ-ਹਵਾ ਖੂਬਸੂਰਤ ਤਾਂ ਹੈ ਹੀ ਪਰ ਇਥੋਂ ਦੀ ਕੌਸਲ ਨੇ ਇਨੂੰ ਸਵਾਰਨ ਵਿਚ ਕੋਈ ਕਸਰ ਨਹੀ ਛੱਡੀ। ਸਾਨੂੰ ਤਾਂ ਇਕ ਕੋਈ ਪਰੀਆਂ ਦਾ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਲਗਿਆ।
ਸਾਰੀ ਕਹਾਣੀ ਅਸਾਂ ਕੋਈ 500 ਫੋਟੋਆਂ ਦੇ ਰਾਂਹੀ ਦਸਣ ਦੀ ਕੋਸ਼ਿਸ਼ ਕੀਤੀ ਹੈ। ਫੋਟੋਆਂ ਦਾ ਅਕਾਰ ਵੀ ਛੋਟਾ ਕਰ ਦਿਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਕਿ ਖੁੱਲਣ ਵਿਚ ਅਸਾਨੀ ਰਹੇ। ਜੇ ਤੁਸੀ ਚਹੁੰਦੇ ਹੋ ਕਿ ਭਵਿਖ ਵਿਚ ਤਸਵੀਰਾ ਦਾ ਨਾਪ ਥੋੜਾ ਵੱਡਾ ਹੋਵੇ ਤਾਂ ਅੰਤ ਵਿਚ ਦਿਤੇ ਬਾਕਸ ਵਿਚ ਦੋ ਲਾਈਨਾ ਲਿਖ ਦੇਣਾ ਜੀ।













KENT UNIVERSITY



















































CITY






















STOUR RIVER















STOUR RIVER BEAUTY
























Author (photographer) B.S.Goraya 


































 In the main Bazar





 No gondvey laddoo these r minced meat cookies

19th century building converted to museum has some artifacts from India









 The Museum Madam













Again in the main Bazar












and THE CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL
MOST MAGNIFICENT BUILDING i have ever seen

 CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL - SOUL OF CANTERBURY

This building had been a place of worship during the Roman occupation of Britain and is the oldest church in England still in use.

St Augustine, the first Archbishop of Canterbury, arrived on the coast of Kent as a missionary to England in 597 AD. He came from Rome, sent by Pope Gregory the Great. It is said that Gregory had been struck by the beauty of Angle slaves he saw for sale in the city market and despatched Augustine and some monks to convert them to Christianity.Augustine was given a church at Canterbury (St Martin’s, after St Martin of Tours, still standing today) by the local King, Ethelbert whose Queen, Bertha, a French Princess, was already a Christian. This building had been a place of worship during the Roman occupation of Britain and is the oldest church in England still in use.Augustine had been consecrated a bishop in France and was later made an archbishop by the Pope. He established his seat within the Roman city walls (the word cathedral is derived from the the Latin word for a chair ‘cathedra’, which is itself taken from the Greek ‘kathedra’ meaning seat.) and built the first cathedral there, becoming the first Archbishop of Canterbury. Since that time, there has been a community around the Cathedral offering daily prayer to God; this community is arguably the oldest organisation in the English speaking world. The present Archbishop, The Most Revd Justin Welby, is 105th in the line of succession from Augustine.
Until the 10th century the Cathedral community lived as the household of the Archbishop. During the 10th century, it became a formal community of Benedictine monks, which continued until the monastery was dissolved by King Henry VIII in 1540.
Augustine’s original building lies beneath the floor of the nave– it was extensively rebuilt and enlarged by the Saxons, and the Cathedral was rebuilt completely by the Normans in 1070 following a major fire. There have been many additions to the building over the last nine hundred years, but parts of the quire and some of the windows and their stained glass date from the 12th century.
By 1077, Archbishop Lanfranc had rebuilt it as a Norman church, described as “nearly perfect”. A staircase and parts of the North Wall – in the area of the North West transept also called the Martyrdom – remain from that building.

Cathedral from sky (Google Earth)
Cathedral Photo from 2.5 kms





















































































































































































Back in the city. Its very air is religious. Old churches every where






















































 AND OF COURSE ITS PEOPLE










































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